A BIT OF “TONGUE IN CHEEK” (TO SAY THE VERY LEAST ) HERE AT LITTLEDEAN JAIL

HERE’S A NOSTALGIC AND INTERACTIVE BLAST FROM THE PAST ….. REVISITING ONE OF BRITAIN’S MUCH LOVED FAVOURITE FEMALE STREAKERS OF ALL TIME …….THE NOW LEGENDARY ERICA ROE.

MADE FAMOUS FOR HER STREAK AT TWICKENHAM IN 1982 WHEN ENGLAND PLAYED AUSTRALIA .

MAYBE THIS IS WHAT OUR ENGLAND RUGBY TEAM NEEDED ON THE FIELD AS A BOOST DURING THE RUGBY WORLD CUP IN NEW ZEALAND 2011….?????

GOOD LUCK TO WALES IN THE SEMI FINALS AGAINST THE FRENCH AND HOPE THEY GO ON TO WIN THE WORLD CUP 

PLEASE CLICK ON BELOW IMAGE TO VIEW VIDEO (YOU MAY HAVE TO CLICK ON THE 18+ LINK AS WELL TO VIEW ?  )

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Erica Roe

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Erica Roe, (born 1957), also known as the Twickenham Streaker, is remembered for a topless run across the pitch of Twickenham Stadium during an England vs. Australia rugby union match on 2 January 1982. It has been described by the BBC as “[p]erhaps the most famous of all streaks“.[1] Roe, who later claimed to have been inspired by alcohol, ran onto the field during half time, exposing her 40-inch chest.[2] Roe and the friend who joined her streak were corralled by police officers on the field, one of whom covered Roe’s chest with his helmet while leading her off the field.[3]

While Roe was not the first or the last streaker at an athletic event, in 2007 The Independent of London declared that her “memorable” streak made her a suitable icon to represent all such streakers in their article on sports interruptions.[4] The event prompted Manchester Confidential to dub her “the most famous British streaker”.[5]

Roe’s continuing celebrity saw her appear on the nostalgic British TV programmes After They Were Famous (1999) and 80s Mania (2001).[6][7]

She was working at that time in a bookstore in PetersfieldHampshire, but relocated with her husband and children to Portugal to become an organic sweet potato farmer.[3]

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AIR RAID PROTECTION (ARP) WARDENS IN ACTION DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR HERE THROUGHOUT BRITAIN

HERE AT LITTLEDEAN JAIL …. AS WELL AS THE ORIGINAL PRESERVED AND RESTORED SECOND WORLD WAR ANDERSON SHELTER ON DISPLAY , WE HAVE AN ARRAY OF ARP WARDENS , SECOND WORLD WAR POLICE AND HOME GUARD UNIFORMS , INSIGNIA , RATION BOOKS , PETROL COUPONS , GAS MASKS AND OTHER ASSOCIATED MEMORABILIA ON DISPLAY TOO .

BELOW ARE VARIOUS ARP IMAGES AS WELL AS A SERIES OF FIVE VERY INTERESTING AND EDUCATIONAL  VIDEO DOCUMENTARIES OF ARP WARDENS INVOLVEMENT DURING THE GERMAN LUFTWAFFE BOMBING BLITZ ON THE UK THROUGHOUT THE SECOND WORLD WAR ……

THERE IS ALSO A MUST SEE FULL COLOUR RECENTLY DISCOVERED NEWSREEL FOOTAGE OF THE BLITZ ON BRITAIN .

Air Raid Precautions

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Silver 1936 ARP lapel badge

Air Raid Precautions (ARP) was an organisation in the United Kingdom set up as an aid in the prelude to the Second World War dedicated to the protection of civilians from the danger of air-raids. It was created in 1924 as a response to the fears about the growing threat from the development of bomber aircraft.Giulio Douhet had published his influential Command of the Air in 1921 and his main thesis had been memorably taken into English as “the bomber will always get through“.

The bombing of Britain in the First World War began on 19 January 1915 when zeppelins dropped bombs on the Great Yarmouth area, killing six people.German bombing operations of the First World War were surprisingly effective, especially after the Gotha bombers surpassed the zeppelins. The most devastating raids inflicted 121 casualties for each ton of bombs dropped and it was this figure that was used as a basis for predictions. The 1924 ARP Committee produced figures estimating that inLondon there would be 9,000 casualties in the first two days and then a continuing rate of 17,500 casualties a week. These rates were thought conservative.[citation needed

]Origins

It was believed that associated there would be “total chaos and panic” and hysterical neurosis as the people of London would try to flee the city. To control the population harsh measures were proposed—bringing London under almost military control; physically cordoning London with 120,000 troops to force people back to work. A different government department proposed setting up camps for refugees for a few days before sending them back to London.

These schemes remained on paper only and while estimates of potential damage remained high, the Air Raids Commandant (Major General H. Pritchard of the Royal Engineers) favoured a more reasoned solution. He discerned that panic and flight were basically problems of morale, if the people could be organised, trained and provided with protection then they would not panic. As part of this scheme the country was divided into regions each having its own command and control structure, in potentia at least.

The 1924 estimates were, during the build up to World War II, regularly revised upwards, particularly in the light of the 1937 German bombing of GuernicaSpain. In 1938 the Air Ministry predicted 65,000 casualties a week—in the first month of war the British government was expecting a million casualties, 3 million refugees and the majority of the capital destroyed. Measures to control this devastation were largely limited to grisly discussions about body disposal and the distribution of over a million burial forms to local authorities. In the same year the Socialist biologist JBS Haldanewrote a book titled A.R.P. (Air Raid Precautions) addressed to “the ordinary citizen, the sort of man and woman who is going to be killed if Britain is raided again from the air” and intended it to be a scientific counterbalance to the “propaganda” that comprised the majority of existing literature at the time. In the book, Haldane strongly criticises the measures taken by the government based on his professional knowledge of human physiology combined with his front-line experiences in the Spanish Civil War.[1]

At the outbreak of the war the British government knew that air attacks would be a main part of the Germans war tactics so they ordered 1,000,000 coffins after war was declared.[citation needed] The 1939 Hailey Conference had decided that providing deep shelters would lead to workers staying underground rather than working. This policy was reversed in 1940 when 79 tube stations opened for use as overnight shelters and specialised deep shelter construction begun.

[edit]World War II

An ARP bell

During the Second World War, the ARP was responsible for the issuing of gas masks, pre-fabricated air-raid shelters (such as Anderson shelters, as well as Morrison shelters), the upkeep of local public shelters, and the maintenance of the blackout. The ARP also helped rescue people after air raids and other attacks, and some women became ARP Ambulance Attendants whose job was to help administer first aid to casualties, search for survivors, and in many grim instances, help recover bodies, sometimes those of their own colleagues.

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission lists members of the ARP within its casualty reports for civilian war dead. The Hamilton Road Cemetery in Deal, Kent has the graves of two serving ARP members, one who died on duty during an air raid in 1940 at the height of the Battle of Britain, and an Ambulance Attendant who was killed by a cross-channel shelling attack in 1944.

As the war progressed, the effectiveness of aerial bombardment was, beyond the destruction of property, very limited. There were less than three casualties for each ton of bombs dropped by the Luftwaffe in many British cities and the expected social consequences hardly happened.[citation needed] The morale of the British people remained high, ‘shell-shock‘ was not at all common, and the rates of other nervous and mental ailments declined.

During the war the ARP was headquartered at Baylis House in Slough, Buckinghamshire. With the development of the Civil Defence Service in 1941, the main function of the ARP fell within the remit of this organisation. However, the term remained in usage and on signage throughout the war. Although disbanded in 1946, the functions of the ARP were revived as part of the Civil Defence Corps formed in 1949.

[edit]Wardens

Air Raid Warden testing his equipment in Brisbane in October 1942.

Air Raid wardens or ARP wardens had the task of patrolling the streets during blackout, to ensure that no light was visible. If a light was spotted, the warden would alert the person/people responsible by shouting something like “Put that light out!” or “Cover that window!”. They could report persistent offenders to the local police. They also patrolled the streets during air raids and doused incendiary bombs with sandbags where possible.

Other duties included helping to police areas suffering bomb damage and helping bombed-out householders. ARP wardens were trained in fire-fighting and first aid, and could keep an emergency situation under control until official rescue services arrived.

There were around 1.4 million ARP wardens in Britain during the war, almost all unpaid part-time volunteers who also held day-time jobs. They had a basic uniform consisting of a set of overalls and an armlet, along with a black steel helmet. Later in the war they would be issued with the dark blue battledress issued to Civil Defence members. The steel helmet had W for Warden in bold white writing across it, except for Chief Wardens who wore white helmets with black lettering.

Many wardens went considerably beyond the call of duty and a search of medal citations in the London Gazette demonstrates this. The first ARP warden to receive the George Cross was Thomas Alderson, who won his award for actions saving civilian life in Bridlington in 1940.[2]

[edit]Fire Guard Messengers

With a general lack of radio communications and telephone communications prone to disruption by air raids, many towns appointed children volunteers aged between 14 and 18 as messengers or runners. These Fire Guard Messengers would run or cycle through the night raids ferrying messages between ARPs and the fire department units and incendiary volunteers with their buckets of sand. [3]

WWW.2 ANDERSON SHELTER & AIR RAID PROTECTION ( ARP) MEMORABILIA ON DISPLAY AT LITTLEDEAN JAIL

VARIOUS IMAGES HERE OF A PRESERVED AND FULLY RESTORED SECOND WORLD WAR ORIGINAL ANDERSON SHELTER AS WAS USED IN NEWPORT, WALES. THIS PARTICULAR SHELTER HAD NOT BEEN PARTIALLY BURIED  BENEATH THE GROUND AND WAS SURFACE BUILT AT THE TIME ABOVE GROUND WITH SANDBAGS FOR PROTECTION

REBUILT AND HERE ON DISPLAY TO COMPLIMENT OUR SECOND WORLD WAR NAZI HOLOCAUST EXHIBITION AND TO SIMPLY PROVIDE A NOSTALGIC AND AN EDUCATIONAL  INSIGHT INTO HOW MANY FAMILIES FOUND SHELTER DURING THE GERMAN LUFTWAFFE BOMBINGS THROUGHOUT BRITAIN .

ALSO ON DISPLAY WE HAVE VARIOUS ARP (AIR RAID PROTECTION) UNIFORMS,GAS MASKS , INSIGNIA AND OTHER 2ND WORLD WAR MEMORABILIA ITEMS

SEE BELOW SLIDESHOW FOR IMAGES OF THE ANDERSON SHELTER AT LITTLEDEAN JAIL AND OTHER EXAMPLES FROM AROUND THE UK .

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A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE ANDERSON SHELTER

In November 1938, Chamberlain placed Sir John Anderson in charge of Air Raid Precautions (ARP). He immediately commissioned the engineer, William Patterson, to design a small and cheap shelter that could be erected in people’s gardens. Within a few months nearly one and a half million of what became known as Anderson shelters were distributed to people living in areas expected to be bombed by the Luftwaffe.

Made from six curved sheets bolted together at the top, with steel plates at either end, and measuring 6ft 6in by 4ft 6in (1.95m by 1.35m) the shelter could accommodate six people. These shelters were half buried in the ground with earth heaped on top. The entrance was protected by a steel shield and an earthen blast wall.

Anderson shelters were given free to poor people. Men who earned more than £5 a week could buy one for £7. Soon after the outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939, over 2 million families had shelters in their garden. By the time of the Blitz this had risen to two and a quarter million.

When the Luftwaffe changed from daylight to night bombing raids, the government expected people to sleep in their Anderson shelters. Each night the wailing of the air raid sirens announced the approach of the German bombers and ensured that most people had time to take cover before the raid actually started.

Anderson shelters were dark and damp and people were reluctant to use them at night. In low-lying areas they tended to flood and sleeping was difficult as they did not keep out the sound of the bombings. Another problem was that the majority of people living in industrial areas did not have gardens where they could erect their shelters.

A census held in November 1940 discovered that the majority of people in London did not use specially created shelters. The survey revealed that of those interviewed, 27 per cent used Anderson shelters, 9 per cent slept in public shelters whereas 4 per cent used underground railway stations (4 per cent). The rest of those interviewed were either on duty at night or slept in their own homes.

In March 1941 the government began issuing Morrison Shelters. Named after the Home Secretary, Herbert Morrison, the shelters were made of very heavy steel and could be put in the living room and used as a table. One wire side lifted up for people to crawl underneath and get inside. Morrison shelters were fairly large and provided sleeping space for two or three people.

CLICK ON BELOW IMAGE OF ANDERSON SHELTER TO VIEW HISTORIC BRITISH PATHE NEWSREEL FOOTAGE ABOUT ANDERSON SHELTERS DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR