INFAMOUS COP KILLER HARRY ROBERTS FOR THE FIRST TIME ON PUBLIC DISPLAY AT THE CRIME THROUGH TIME COLLECTION, LITTLEDEAN JAIL, UNSEEN PERSONALLY SIGNED MEMORABILIA , PRISON WORN CLOTHING AND OTHER PERSONAL ITEMS

TRUE CRIME, MURDERABILIA AND MAIMERABILIA HERE AT THE CRIME THROUGH TIME COLLECTION , LITTLEDEAN JAIL WITH AN INSIGHT INTO THE LIFE AND CRIMES OF INFAMOUS 1966 COP KILLER HARRY ROBERTS . THE EXHIBITION INCLUDES PERSONAL HANDWRITTEN AND SIGNED CORRESPONDENCE FROM THEM BOTH , PERSONAL BELONGINGS , AND PRISON WORN CLOTHING ….ALL OF WHICH CAN NOW BE SEEN ON PUBLIC DISPLAY AT THE JAIL

PLEASE NOTE THAT WE ARE  A CRIME MUSEUM AND IN NO SHAPE OR FORM DO WE GLORIFY OR GLAMOURISE ALL THOSE THAT WE FEATURE HERE ON DISPLAY AT LITTLEDEAN JAIL . ALL CRIMES ARE UNPLEASANT SUBJECT MATTERS TO COVER AND AS SUCH ARE NOT PRESENTED IN A PLEASANT WAY EITHER .

HARRY ROBERTS SIGNED PAGE

ABOVE : HANDWRITTEN AND SIGNED BY COP KILLER HARRY ROBERTS

 

AUTHENTIC HAND SIGNED BY HARRY ROBERTS

AUTHENTIC HAND SIGNED BY HARRY ROBERTS

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VICTIMS FROM LEFT PS CHRISTOPHER HEAD , DC DAVID WOMBWELL AND PC GEOFFREY FOX

VICTIMS FROM LEFT PS CHRISTOPHER HEAD , DC DAVID WOMBWELL AND PC GEOFFREY FOX

 Harry Maurice Roberts (born 21 July 1936) is an English career criminal who in 1966 instigated the Shepherd’s Bush murders , in which three police officers were shot dead. The killings happened after the plain-clothes officers approached the van in which Roberts and two other men were sitting in Braybrook Street, near Wormwood Scrubs prison in London. Roberts opened fire on the officers when he feared they would discover the firearms his gang were planning to use in an armed robbery. He shot dead two of the officers, while one of his accomplices fatally shot the third.

After Roberts had spent nearly 48 years in jail, in 2014 the Parole Board for England and Wales approved his release, at the age of 78. Having exceeded by far his minimum term of 30 years imprisonment, Roberts was one of the United Kingdom’s longest-serving prisoners, remaining in custody from 1966 until his 2014 release

 

PLEASE DO BE AWARE THAT THE CRIME THROUGH TIME COLLECTION AT LITTLEDEAN JAIL DOES NOT IN ANY SHAPE OR FORM CONDONE THE HEINOUS MURDERS COMMITTED BY HARRY ROBERTS OR HIS ACCOMPLICES …..

WE ARE SIMPLY A CRIME MUSEUM AND AS SUCH TOUCH UPON AND FEATURE A VAST ARRAY OF HISTORIC AND PRESENT DAY TRUE CRIMES AND EVENTS THAT HAVE SHOOK THE WORLD IN ONE WAY OR ANOTHER …..  HENCE PROVIDING A SAD , DISTURBING AND INSIGHT INTO THESE EVIL CRIMES .

ALL IN ALL FORMING A HOPEFULLY HISTORICAL ARCHIVE FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES TOO .

SO PLEASE , PLEASE , PLEASE … IF EASILY OFFENDED , DISTURBED OR OF A SENSITIVE NATURE, DO AVOID VISITING LITTLEDEAN JAIL .

BELOW IS A GALLERY OF VARIOUS PERSONALLY SIGNED PIECES AND PRISON WORN CLOTHING FROM HARRY ROBERTS ….

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CULTURAL IMPACT

Roberts’ name has been used for many years to antagonise the police, with chants like “Harry Roberts is our friend, is our friend, is our friend. Harry Roberts is our friend, he kills coppers. Let him out to kill some more, kill some more, kill some more, let him out to kill some more, Harry Roberts” as well as “He shot three down in Shepherd’s Bush, Shepherd’s Bush, Shepherd’s Bush. He shot three down in Shepherd’s Bush, our mate Harry” (to the tune of “London Bridge Is Falling Down“) which originated with groups of young people outside Shepherd’s Bush police station after Roberts had been arrested

There have been artistic representations of Roberts. The character of Billy Porter in the 2001 novel He Kills Coppers by Jake Arnott, and the 2008 TV adaptation, is based on Harry Roberts.

BELOW: SCENE OF THE TRIPLE COP KILLING

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BELOW: HARRY ROBERTS INSPIRED TV SERIES AND BOOK … “HE KILLS COPPERS”

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HARRY ROBERTS , POLICE KILLER RELEASED FROM PRISON ARTICLE IN DAILY MAIL ON 11 NOVEMBER 2014, ALSO SOME VIDEO ARCHIVE FOOTAGE …  SEE HERE

PREVIOUS FAMILY SALE AND AUCTION OF GENUINE ARTWORK BY THE ARTIST FORMERLY KNOWN AS CHARLES BRONSON, NOW CHARLES SALVADOR. ALONG WITH VARIOUS OTHER PERSONAL ITEMS. MANY OF WHICH ARE ON DISPLAY AT THE CRIME THROUGH TIME COLLECTION , LITTLEDEAN JAIL… ALONG WITH MANY OTHER RELATED MEMORABILIA ITEMS .

WITH THE EVER INCREASING INTEREST IN BOTH CHARLES SALVADOR’S ARTWORK AND KRAY MEMORABILIA …. PLEASE DO BEWARE OF DODGY AUCTION HOUSES THROUGHOUT THE UK ….

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HERE BELOW ARE A FEW EXAMPLES OF GENUINE CHARLES SALVADOR  ITEMS AS CAN BE VARIFIED BY CLOSE FAMILY MEMBERS AND THE CRIME THROUGH TIME COLLECTION AT LITTLEDEAN JAIL …. SO ALL BUYERS AND INVESTORS PLEASE DO BEWARE OF ALL THE FAKE STUFF THAT IS OUT THERE …

A BRIEF INSIGHT INTO THE LIFE AND DEATH OF FORMER MEMBER OF THE SEX PISTOLS SID VICIOUS ( 10 MAY 1952- 2 FEB 1979) AND HIS GIRLFRIEND NANCY SPUNGEN , ALSO FEATURING SID’S TREASURED LEATHER BIKER BOOTS AND BIKE CHAIN BRACELET WHICH ARE HERE ON DISPLAY AT LITTLEDEAN JAIL .

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ABOVE: SID VICIOUS WITH HIS GIRLFRIEND NANCY SPUNGEN

BELOW IS THE POLICE MUGSHOT OF SID VICIOUS AT THE TIME OF ONE OF HIS MANY ARRESTS , BACK IN 1979, IN NEW YORK , USA.

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BELOW … IMAGE OF SID VICIOUS WEARING THESE BIKER BOOTS WHILST PRANCING ABOUT IN PARIS WHILST FILMING A TV DOCUMENTARY .

BOOTS

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ABOVE AND BELOW …SID VICIOUS PERFORMING SOLO WEARING THESE LEATHER BOOTS ON WHAT WAS HIS LAST LIVE PERFORMANCE AT MAX’S KANSAS CITY , NEW YORK ON SEPTEMBER 29 1978 … LATER TO BE REPORTED IN THE  NME DATED 14 OCTOBER 1978

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Above are several images of Sid Vicious most treasured leather biker boots , which he can also be seen wearing in this video of him prancing about in Paris , France . in his alleged suicide note ( many believe that this was actually written by his mother Anne Beverley ) he had requested that he be buried with his leather jacket and these leather biker boots … This was never the case as he was cremated and his ashes were secretly thrown over Nancy’s grave . His mother had subsequently kept his personal clothing last worn by him and later these boots were auctioned off in the year 2000 by Alan Parker through Frasers Auctions , London . Bought by Andy Jones of the Crime Through Time Collection and now on permanent display  at Littledean Jail , Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire, UK .

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ABOVE IS SID’S ( NOW WELL AGED )  BIKE CHAIN BRACELET ALONG WITH IMAGE OF HIM WEARING THIS . ALSO HERE ON DISPLAY AT THE CRIME THROUGH TIME COLLECTION , LITTLEDEAN JAIL .

Sid Vicious, born John Simon Ritchie, later named John Beverley (10 May 1957 – 2 February 1979), was an English bass guitarist, drummer and vocalist, most famous as a member of the influential punk rock band the Sex Pistols, and notorious for his arrest for the murder of his girlfriend, Nancy Spungen.

Vicious joined the Sex Pistols in early 1977, to replace Glen Matlock, who had fallen out of favour with the rest of the group. Due to intravenous drug use, Vicious was hospitalized with hepatitis during the recording of the band’s only studio album Never Mind the Bollocks. Accordingly, his bass is only partially featured on one song from the album. Vicious would later appear as a lead vocalist, performing three cover songs, on the soundtrack to The Great Rock ‘n’ Roll Swindle, a largely fictionalized documentary about the Sex Pistols, produced by the group’s former manager Malcolm McLaren and directed by Julien Temple.

During the brief and chaotic ascendancy of the Sex Pistols, Vicious met eventual girlfriend and manager Nancy Spungen. Spungen and Vicious entered a destructive codependent relationship based on drug use. This culminated in Spungen’s death from an apparent stab wound while staying in New York City‘s Hotel Chelsea with Vicious. Under suspicion of having committed Spungen’s murder, Vicious was released on bail; he was later arrested again for assaulting Todd Smith, brother of Patti Smith, at a night club, and underwent drug rehabilitation on Rikers Island. In celebration of Vicious’ release from prison, his mother hosted a party for him at his girlfriend’s residence in Greenwich Village, which was attended notably by the Misfits bassist Jerry Only.

Vicious’ mother had been supplying him with drugs and paraphernalia since he was young, and assisted him in procuring heroin late that night. Vicious died in his sleep, having overdosed on the heroin his mother had procured.

Less than four weeks after Vicious’ death, the soundtrack album of The Great Rock ‘n’ Roll Swindle was released. Later that year, on 15 December, a compilation of live material recorded during his brief solo career was packaged and released as Sid Sings.

In the 1986 feature-film Sid and Nancy, Gary Oldman gave a much-acclaimed performance as Sid.

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ABOVE IS AN EXCEPTIONALLY SCARCE AND RARE SIGNED BY BOTH PHOTOGRAPH OF SID AND NANCY TOGETHER .

 

BELOW IS THE ICONIC AND CONTROVERSIAL ALBUM COVER OF THE SEX PISTOLS …” NEVER MIND THE BOLLOCKS HERE’S THE SEX PISTOLS ” THIS BEING A FULLY SIGNED BY THE ORIGINAL PISTOLS LINE UP ON A RARE RUSSIAN VERSION OF THE ALBUM .

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Nancy Spungen death and Sid Vicious arrest

Sid Vicious mugshot 9 December 1978

On the morning of 12 October 1978, Vicious claimed to have awoken from a drugged stupor to find Nancy Spungen dead on the bathroom floor of their room in the Hotel Chelsea in Manhattan, New York. She had suffered a single stab wound to her abdomen and appeared to have bled to death. The knife used had been bought by Vicious on 42nd Street and was identical to a “007” flip-knife given to punk rock vocalist Stiv Bators of the Dead Boys by Dee Dee Ramone. According to Dee Dee’s wife at the time, Vera King Ramone, Vicious had bought the knife after seeing Stiv’s. Vicious was arrested and charged with her murder.[He said they had fought that night but gave conflicting versions of what happened next, saying, “I stabbed her, but I never meant to kill her”, then saying that he did not remember and at one point during the argument Spungen had fallen onto the knife

On 22 October, ten days after Spungen’s death, Vicious attempted suicide by slitting his wrist with a smashed light bulb and was subsequently hospitalized at Bellevue Hospital where he also tried killing himself by jumping from a window as well as shouting “I want to be with my Nancy” or other similar words, but was pulled back by hospital staff. In an interview he gave in November 1978, he said that Nancy’s death was “meant to happen” and that “Nancy always said she’d die before she was 21.” Near the end of the interview, he was asked if he was having fun. In reply, he asked the interviewer if he was kidding, adding that he would like to be “under the ground.” It was also at Bellevue that he met his lawyer James Merberg, who did everything he could to keep Vicious out of jail.

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 SID VICIOUS SUICIDE BY OVERDOSE

 

On the evening of February 1, 1979, a small gathering to celebrate Vicious having made bail was held at the 63 Bank Street, New York apartment of his new girlfriend, Michelle Robinson. Sid and Michelle had started dating in November after Sid was released from Bellevue Hospital the previous October. Vicious was clean, having been on a detoxification methadone program during his time at Rikers Island. At the dinner gathering, however, Sid had some heroin delivered by his friend, English photographer Peter Kodick, against the wishes of Sid’s girlfriend and some other people at the party. It was also during this party that Sid had apparently spent the hours looking towards the future; he had plans for an album he was going to record to get his life and career on track should he be off the hook. Vicious overdosed at midnight, but everyone who was there that night worked together to get him up and walking around in order to revive him. At 3:00 am, Vicious and Michelle Robinson went to bed together. Vicious died in the night and was discovered dead by Anne and Michelle early the next morning.

In his first interview, appearing in the Daily Mirrors June 11, 1977 issue, Vicious said “I’ll probably die by the time I reach 25. But I’ll have lived the way I wanted to.”

A few days after Vicious’ cremation, his mother allegedly found a suicide note in the pocket of his jacket:

We had a death pact, and I have to keep my half of the bargain. Please bury me next to my baby. Bury me in my leather jacket, jeans and motorcycle boots Goodbye.

Since Spungen was Jewish, she was buried in a Jewish cemetery. As Vicious was not Jewish, he could not be buried with her. According to the book Please Kill Me: The Uncensored Oral History of Punk by Legs McNeil and Gillian McCain, Jerry Only of the Misfits drove Anne and her sister, and two of Sid’s friends to the cemetery where Nancy was buried and Anne scattered Sid’s ashes over Nancy Spungen’s grave. In the same book, it is alleged that the cemetery didn’t want to be associated with Vicious and his inherent negative reputation, and it is speculated that this was of greater importance to them than the above stated reason he and Nancy weren’t able to be buried together.

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SID VICIOUS’S MOTORCYCLE BOOTS ,

CAROLINE ROBERTS – BRUTALLY TORTURED AND RAPED BY FRED AND ROSE WEST…TELLS ANDY JONES OF THE CRIME THROUGH TIME COLLECTION …” I SURVIVED 25 CROMWELL ST, LIFE GOES ON AND GOD BLESS THOSE WHO DIDN’T .”

It was good to meet up again with Caroline for a catch-up and a chat . Also for  giving  consent to do a personal piece, for which she kindly signed a few articles etc . To be featured in and amongst and alongside …. The Fred and Rose West 25 Cromwell Street , Gloucester Exhibition .

British Crime - Serial killers - Fred and Rosemary West - Gloucester - 1994

POLICE OUTSIDE THE FRONT OF NO 25, CROMWELL STREET, GLOUCESTER KEEP AN EYE OUT AS THE SEARCH CONTINUES IN THE REAR GARDEN.

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When Caroline Roberts accepted a job at 25 Cromwell Street, the infamous address of Fred and Rose West, she was only 16. Realizing that there was something very malevolent about the couple, she left their employment soon after, glad to be rid of them. The story should have ended there, but a month, later she was abducted by the Wests and suffered violent sexual abuse at their hands before being told that she would be killed and buried. Through a combination of luck and quick thinking, despite the trauma of what happened, Caroline managed to escape to freedom.

BELOW IS SOME INTERESTING AND IN DEPTH HISTORICAL DOCUMENTARY INSIGHT INTO THE HORRORS OF FRED AND ROSE WEST , ALSO FEATURING CROMWELL STREET SURVIVOR … CAROLINE ROBERTS.

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BELOW IS SOME INTERESTING AND IN DEPTH HISTORICAL DOCUMENTARY INSIGHT INTO THE HORRORS OF FRED AND ROSE WEST , ALSO FEATURING CROMWELL STREET SURVIVOR … CAROLINE ROBERTS

 

Caroline’s autobiographical book

 

Caroline Roberts book on her escape from the West

THE DARK SIDE OF MENTAL TRAUMA AND PSYCHIATRIC TREATMENT USED ON THE LOST SOULS IN MENTAL ASYLUMS, MENTAL HOSPITALS & HOUSES OF CORRECTION …..VERY SAD, DISTURBING AND THOUGHT PROVOKING FOR SURE !!!

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HERE IS A BRIEF INTERACTIVE, HOPEFULLY EDUCATIONAL  VIDEO AND PICTORIAL INSIGHT INTO SOME OF THE VERY THOUGHT PROVOKING  ELECTROCONVULSIVE THERAPY TREATMENT (ECT) .. USED ON PATIENTS HOUSED IN LUNATIC AND MENTAL ASYLUMS . BOTH HERE IN THE UK AND WORLDWIDE FROM THE VICTORIAN ERA THROUGH TO THE 1960’S . ALL OF  WHICH  WE FEATURE HERE ON DISPLAY AT THE CRIME THROUGH TIME COLLECTION , LITTLEDEAN JAIL .

 

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TORTURE (30)

ORIGINAL 1930's LEATHER BODY BELT RESTRAINT COMPLETE WITH WRIST RESTRAINTS     ACQUIRED FROM THE MONICA BRITTON MUSEUM COLLECTION AT FRENCHAY HOSPITAL , BRISTOL AND NOW ON DISPLAY HERE AT THE CRIME THROUGH TIME COLLECTION , LITTLEDEAN JAIL , GLOUCESTERSHIRE, UK

ORIGINAL 1930’s LEATHER BODY BELT COMPLETE WITH WRIST RESTRAINTS ACQUIRED FROM THE NOW CLOSED MONICA BRITTON MUSEUM COLLECTION AT FRENCHAY HOSPITAL , BRISTOL AND NOW ON DISPLAY HERE AT THE CRIME THROUGH TIME COLLECTION , LITTLEDEAN JAIL , GLOUCESTERSHIRE, UKKK

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ABOVE : HERE’S A BREIF LOOK AT “THE ASYLUM ” HOUSED IN THE GATEHOUSE AT LITTLEDEAN JAIL .

 

ORIGINAL 1930's LEATHER BODY BELT RESTRAINT COMPLETE WITH WRIST RESTRAINTS     ACQUIRED FROM THE MONICA BRITTON MUSEUM COLLECTION AT FRENCHAY HOSPITAL , BRISTOL AND NOW ON DISPLAY HERE AT THE CRIME THROUGH TIME COLLECTION , LITTLEDEAN JAIL , GLOUCESTERSHIRE, UK

ORIGINAL 1930’s LEATHER BODY BELT COMPLETE WITH WRIST RESTRAINTS ACQUIRED FROM THE NOW CLOSED MONICA BRITTON MUSEUM COLLECTION AT FRENCHAY HOSPITAL , BRISTOL AND NOW ON DISPLAY HERE AT THE CRIME THROUGH TIME COLLECTION , LITTLEDEAN JAIL , GLOUCESTERSHIRE, UK

ORIGINAL 1930's LEATHER BODY BELT RESTRAINT COMPLETE WITH WRIST RESTRAINTS     ACQUIRED FROM THE MONICA BRITTON MUSEUM COLLECTION AT FRENCHAY HOSPITAL , BRISTOL AND NOW ON DISPLAY HERE AT THE CRIME THROUGH TIME COLLECTION , LITTLEDEAN JAIL , GLOUCESTERSHIRE, UK

ORIGINAL 1930’s LEATHER BODY BELT COMPLETE WITH WRIST RESTRAINTS ACQUIRED FROM THE NOW CLOSED MONICA BRITTON MUSEUM COLLECTION AT FRENCHAY HOSPITAL , BRISTOL AND NOW ON DISPLAY HERE AT THE CRIME THROUGH TIME COLLECTION , LITTLEDEAN JAIL , GLOUCESTERSHIRE, UK

ORIGINAL 1930's LEATHER RESTRAINT STRAPS   ACQUIRED FROM THE MONICA BRITTON MUSEUM COLLECTION AT FRENCHAY HOSPITAL , BRISTOL AND NOW ON DISPLAY HERE AT THE CRIME THROUGH TIME COLLECTION , LITTLEDEAN JAIL , GLOUCESTERSHIRE, UK

ORIGINAL 1930’s LEATHER RESTRAINT STRAPS ACQUIRED FROM THE NOW CLOSED MONICA BRITTON MUSEUM COLLECTION AT FRENCHAY HOSPITAL , BRISTOL AND NOW ON DISPLAY HERE AT THE CRIME THROUGH TIME COLLECTION , LITTLEDEAN JAIL , GLOUCESTERSHIRE, UK

ORIGINAL 1930's LEATHER RESTRAINT STRAPS   ACQUIRED FROM THE MONICA BRITTON MUSEUM COLLECTION AT FRENCHAY HOSPITAL , BRISTOL AND NOW ON DISPLAY HERE AT THE CRIME THROUGH TIME COLLECTION , LITTLEDEAN JAIL , GLOUCESTERSHIRE, UK

ORIGINAL 1930’s LEATHER RESTRAINT STRAPS ACQUIRED FROM THE NOW CLOSED MONICA BRITTON MUSEUM COLLECTION AT FRENCHAY HOSPITAL , BRISTOL AND NOW ON DISPLAY HERE AT THE CRIME THROUGH TIME COLLECTION , LITTLEDEAN JAIL , GLOUCESTERSHIRE, UK

ORIGINAL 1930'S  LEATHER RESTRAINT STRAPS   ACQUIRED FROM THE MONICA BRITTON MUSEUM COLLECTION AT FRENCHAY HOSPITAL , BRISTOL AND NOW ON DISPLAY HERE AT THE CRIME THROUGH TIME COLLECTION , LITTLEDEAN JAIL , GLOUCESTERSHIRE, UK

ORIGINAL 1930’s LEATHER RESTRAINT STRAPS ACQUIRED FROM THE NOW CLOSED MONICA BRITTON MUSEUM COLLECTION AT FRENCHAY HOSPITAL , BRISTOL AND NOW ON DISPLAY HERE AT THE CRIME THROUGH TIME COLLECTION , LITTLEDEAN JAIL , GLOUCESTERSHIRE, UK

JSN_2136ABOVE IS A VERY RARE “GLOUCESTER MENTAL HOSPITAL ” – METROPOLITAN WHISTLE DATING BACK TO THE EARLY 1920’S AS WAS USED BY THE CHIEF WARDEN IN THE INFAMOUS HORTON ROAD MENTAL ASYLUM , GLOUCESTER . USED PRIMARILY AS A FORM OF ALARM … PARTICULARLY SHOULD THEIR BE CAUSE FOR CONCERN WITH THE PATIENTS .

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ABOVE : A VIEW FROM WITHIN “THE ASYLUM” HOUSED IN THE GATEHOUSE AT LITTLEDEAN JAIL

 

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ABOVE: ANOTHER  BRIEF VIEW OF “THE ASYLUM” HOUSED IN THE GATEHOUSE AT LITTLEDEAN JAIL

 

 

The History of the Asylum

This section has been written to ammend the previous history pages of the Asylum, which were in desperately in need of replacing. The Victorian Asylum is a system that has long gone and it is doubtful that such a system will exist again. This section is dedicated to a building system that is now defunct and disappearing fast, planning mix ups and the will of the establishment to abolish the system have prevailed. We don’t hope to cover everything, or answer all your questions.  But this should hopefully answer a few questions you may have. Please note, any phrases used within this page is used within its historical context.

How did the Asylums come about?

The first recorded Lunatic Asylum in Europe was the Bethlem Royal Hospital in London, it has been a part of London since 1247 when it was built as a priory. It became a hospital in 1330 and admitted its first mentally ill patients in 1407. Before the Madhouse Act of 1774, treatment of the Insane was carried out by non-licensed practitioners, who ran their “Madhouses” as a commercial enterprise and with little regard for the inmates. The Mad House act established the licensing required to house insane patients, with yearly inspections of the premises taking place. In 1792, the York Retreat was set up by William Tuke. This was the first establishment in the UK to treat their patients as human beings and offer a therapeutic setting for them. Mechanical restraints were discontinued and work and leisure became the main treatment. In 1808, the County Asylum Act was passed, which allowed counties to levy a rate in order to fund the building of County Asylums. The intention was to remove the insane from within the Work Houses and provide them with more a sufficient and dedicated care system. However, due to the Act deficiencies, only 20 County Asylums were built around the country.

How did the mass construction come about?

Due to deficiencies of the 1808 Act, counties did not begin mass construction of Asylums throughout the country. It was not until the passing of the County Asylum / Lunacy Act in 1845 did the construction begin to take hold. Due to a change in the law, Counties were legally obliged to provide Asylum for their Lunatics. This Act, based on the work of John Conolly and Lord Shaftsbury saw the lunatics being treated as Patients and not prisoners.  It also took into account the moral treatment pioneered by William Tuke and saw the care of the lunatics being funded by the individual County. During this time, the Asylums become vastly overcrowded and rapid expansion of the ensued. Between the passing of the act and 1890, when the next act was passed, over 60 Asylums were built and opened (A further 40 were opened after this date).

What was it like for the Patients?

Without a time machine, it is hard to say! In all honesty, it varied depending on which era you looked at, conditions were ever changing. The most notable condition for the patients was the segregation of the sexes. It was not until the early 20th century that the sexes were allowed to mix, albeit they still slept in same sex wards. Patients lived within the confines of the hospital, privacy was minimal. Wards were able to house up to 50 patients, in very close proximity and little personal space. The daily regime was strictly regimented, with little room for variation and often under the watchful eye of staff. During the early years of the Asylums, wards were locked and security was kept high as attendants were fined for every patient that escaped on their watch. As the years passed, this was more relaxed, and by the time the asylums were coming to a close, patients were allowed much more freedom and were actively encouraged to leave the hospital and visit the local towns. Throughout the entire life of the Asylum system, patients were encouraged to work and undertake recreation. Local artisans were employed to teach skills and aid in the production of goods that were sold and used to fund social events. Sports teams were formed, and inter-hospital rivalries were formed. The able bodied were put to work around the hospital grounds, males running the farms and traditional male activities, and the females the laundry and kitchens. The sick and infirm patients were housed in their own wards and will have spent the majority of their time there. Angry, violent or suicidal patients were housed within the wards, and on occasions, locked within a padded cell. Seclusion rooms were also employed, but these were mainly used for patients who would disturb others during the night, in latter years they were sued for patients as a reward so that they could have some privacy.

What was the Work and Recreation?

Work and Recreation was central to life within the Asylum. Sport was made available to the patients, but walking within the grounds and woodlands was the most widely available. This started out as being heavily supervised walks, but as time passed, it was realised that other activities such as art, music and dancing were beneficial. The social activities of the hospital progressed with those of society as a whole, and holidays and interaction with outsiders was encouraged, helping to rehabilitate them. Sports became more prevalent as time passed, and many different teams were formed. The Farm was the main centre of employment for the male patients, where they grew food stuff for the hospitals consumption. The farms proved to be one of the most profitable activities the patients undertook, but with the advent of the NHS the farms began to close and the land sold off. The kitchens were also a great source of employment, with food grown and produced by the patients being served. Patients were also employed in the distribution of the dinners, and each patient undertook that task every day. So one patient would make porridge for the entire hospital, everyday! The Laundry was the largest female employer within the Asylums. Clothing and bedding were sorted in the wards, booked out and transported to the laundry for washing. Patients who worked in the laundry were normally housed within the Laundry Ward. There was also various other work departments around the buildings, dealing with trades such as shoe repair, printing, clothing repairs, the libraries and various aspects of the engineering departments. It was known for patients to be paid for the work.

How was it different for the sexes?

The Females

According to case notes, most women came in for short periods only simply to recover from the stress and exhaustion of their domestic lives – once rested and relaxed they were sent on their way.  Women were also admitted from problematic marriages or as a result of giving birth to illegitimate children – even if a result of rape.  Post natal depression was also a common reason for a women admittance. The females wards differed vastly from the male wards; they were based around Victorian ideals of femininity with little opportunity for them to go outside and even fewer opportunities to play games.  It was only later that this changed.  As with the tradition at the time the women’s activities were confined to the indoors, which led to a strong bond being formed between both female patients and staff.  The women were put to work throughout the asylum, mainly undertaking jobs in the needle room, the laundry and general housekeeping duties around the ward – the latter was kept for problematic patients. The daily routine of the ward remained unchanged for many many years, patients would rise at 7am for breakfast which would consist of coffee, tea or cocoa with porridge and bread as the main.  After breakfast the ‘good’ patients would have been taken to there respective jobs in the laundry or needle room – the others would have waited around until the airing courts were opened later in the morning.  Lunch would have been served at around 12:30 and would have consisted of food produced on the local farm; this was the main meal of the day.  The airing courts were then opened up again in the middle of the afternoon for just over an hour.  Tea was served in the early evening and was known to consist of bread and cake.  Due to staff shortages on the female side of the hospitals, nurses were known to have dosed the patients with paradehyde in the evenings to ease the load.

The Males

The majority of male patients within the asylum system before the first world war were often poor and without spouses to look after them.  After WWI, ‘Shell Shock’ was a prevalent condition among men admitted to the Asylums. At the time of this condition being diagnosed it cause controversy due to the condition being similar to the female psychosis.  Alcoholism and the delusion related with it were also common reasons for certification. Unlike the female sides of the asylums, the male sides were smaller in numbers.  Escape was more common with male patients than females; but due to the smaller numbers of males in some hospitals it was noted that they had a more stable time within the ward. The males wards had the same daily schedule as the female wards and instead of being involved with the laundry and needle rooms, they worked the kitchen and the bakehouse.  They were also involved in the daily housekeeping of the wards.  Other than the difference in activities the male wards were normally run with a stricter discipline; which most of the patients would have been used to given their backgrounds within the military.  The male population of the Asylums received a wider range of activities for their recovery; they were allowed to join sports teams and the hospital band (if there was one); there were also inter-hospital leagues fort hem to compete in.  Rational patients were also employed on working the farms and the upkeep of the grounds and gardens; they were also employed in various workshops and engineering practices.  One such example is an account from Severalls of a male patients were used to lay 2-inch piping to the cricket ground, and build a band stand.

What were the treatments that were used?

The treatments used throughout the history of the Asylums have varied massively. When the Asylums first opened, there was little knowledge of the psychiatric conditions or how to treat them. The lunatics were kept calm and occupied as much as possible, and when the need arouse then restraint was employed. The first therapy that was employed throughout the Asylum system was the treatment of General Paralysis of the Insane, caused by Syphilis, with Malaria infected mosquitoes. This treatment was used through until the 1950’s when a new drug was developed. The next treatment that was developed was the Deep Insulin Therapy, where it was believed that Schizophrenia was caused by a high blood sugar in the brain. Insulin would be administered until the body went into shock and then the patient was revived with a sugary dose of tea. In the 1930’s, two major treatments were developed in Europe, these were the Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) and the Lobotomy. Both these treatments involved stresses to the brain. ECT involved passing a current through the brain and induce an epileptic fit, which was known to cause injury to the patient. ECT proved to be very effective for patients suffering with depression and still used in very rare cases today. The lobotomy involved cutting the brain tissue within the frontal lobes of the brain. This had mixed results and was discontinued in the 50’s. The big breakthrough in the psychiatric treatments was the introduction of drugs to the Asylum system. The first drug to be used, discovered by a French Naval Surgeon was  (Largactil) and was the first antipsychotic to be developed and it had a huge impact on the condition of patients. This development led to the rapid introduction of drugs within the psychiatric world. The next large development was talking through patients problems, and occupational therapy.

Were mechanical restraints used?

In short, yes. Before the advent of drugs and other treatments, manic, aggressive and suicidal patients were dealt with through restraint. Padded cell were also used to house patients who were self harming, or violent towards other (see our padded cell section). The most common restraints were the “straight jacket” and fingerless gloves. Both of these inhibited the movement of the patient. Less common forms were the used of continuous baths – patients were placed in a warm bath and a sheet affixed over the top, with their head and shoulders coming through it – and bed restraints. In the early years of the Asylums, restraints were common place, and their used recorded. After the 1890 Act, the use of restraints was severely limited and had to be approved by a medical officer and each use recorded.

Why did they close?

They had become to large, unwieldy and the system had opened itself up to abuse.  In 1961 the Minister of Health, Enoch Powell was invited to speak at the AGM of the National Association for Mental Health.  In his speech he announced that it the government of the day intended to “the elimination of by far the greater part of the country’s mental hospitals.”  At the same time, regional boards were asked to “ensure that no more money than necessary is spent on upgrading and reconditioning”.  This announcement had stunned the medical professions as there had been no indication that the government was going to head in this direction; only a handful of experimental community care programmes existed around the country.  It would take 25 years for these plans to take afoot and the closures to start. There were two reasons for the decline in the large institutions, the advancement in psychiatric treatment meant that a standard hospital was able to provide care to acute cases that required immediate attention, and the drugs available meant that patients did not need twenty-four hour care.  This meant that the traditional asylum was left with fewer long term patients to care for – patient numbers reduced from over 150,00 in 1950 to 80,000 in 1975.  The second reason for the closure of the mental hospitals was the passing of the Mental Health Act 1983 – this saw the people being committed to the large asylums being given back their full rights and having the ability to appeal their certification; it also saw the mentally deficient being moved back into the community under the care in community projects. The first hospital to close due to the shift in medical treatment and public perception was Banstead Hospital in 1986, others followed suit over the next twenty years, with only a handful remaining open today.  The medical staff at many hospitals still keep in contact with their old patients to make sure that the arrangements are working for them.   The hospitals themselves either stand empty and derelict, or have been demolished and converted to cheap affordable housing, with only a few reminders to the residents of the previous history there. The Victorian Asylums are now a long forgotten memory, however in a recent NHS study, they have found that people suffering from mental illnesses recover when they are in a safe environment and are involved in their treatment, rather than being allowed to fend for themselves.  In speaking with a number of retired nurses who had worked within the system, they were unsure as to whether the mass closures and the entire move to the care in the community method was the right one.  One even felt that the number of hospital that closed shouldn’t have been so high, with a few being kept as regional specialists that could provide a more comprehensive support system.  At the grounds of Horton Hospital, two of the old villas have recently been refurbished to act as a care home for the mentally ill.

FOR FAKES SAKE !!!!!!! PROSPECTIVE BUYERS , AUCTION HOUSES AND PRIVATE INVESTORS, PLEASE DO BEWARE OF THE SHEER MASS OF FAKE KRAYS AND CHARLES BRONSON MEMORABILIA OUT THERE IN THE MARKET PLACE ….

The Crime Through Time Collection here at Littledean Jail has recently confiscated a mass of astonishingly pathetic so say Kray and Bronson memorabilia as seen here in the gallery below .

Sadly a middle aged gentleman had been duped out of many thousands of hard earned pounds, now known to be one of a great many in a similar situation . 

These were all purchased from and through an alleged former fellow inmate and exceptionally close friend of Reg Kray whilst being his personal golpher in HMP Wayland, .This conman and forger trades under the name “Clive ” …In fact this man has never even met Reg Kray . 

He apparently has personally persuaded several so say reputable auction houses up and down the country to sell a great many of these fake items. Many of these auctions have featured in both local and national press (see HERE ) which has aided him to authenticate these paintings and other memorabilia items . The likes of which he has referred all his buyers and collectors to for reference for at least the last 5 years or so . ….. 

Despite having been informed by reputable collectors and indeed Kray and Bronson family and friends that these items are not genuine and are definitely fake , many auction houses have flagrantly dismissed all advises and proceeded to sell these items which have allegedly  totalled many tens of thousands of pounds over the years .

WE BELIEVE IT IS ONLY RIGHT AND PROPER, THAT ALL THESE  SEEMINGLY UNSCRUPULOUS  AUCTION HOUSES, WHO WE FEEL ARE AS EQUALLY FRAUDULENT AS THIS CONMAN “CLIVE” ….. REIMBURSE ALL DUPED BUYERS OF THIS ABSOLUTELY  WORTHLESS PILE OF CRAP …..

HOPEFULLY THIS SKY NEWS ARTICLE  LINK HERE AND  SOME OF THESE IMAGES BELOW WILL NOW ACT AS A REFERENCE LIBRARY IN PROVIDING SOME EXAMPLES OF THE SHEER SCALE OF FAKE KRAY AND BRONSON MEMORABILIA ITEMS THAT HAVE BEEN SOLD.

HERE ARE SOME LINKS TO SOME  AUCTIONS THAT SOLD FAKE KRAY PAINTINGS IN RECENT YEARS ….. 

BATEMANS AUCTION HOUSE , LINCOLNSHIRE    …. HERE

JAMES AND SONS AUCTIONEERS , FAKENHAM … HERE

LAIDLAWS AUCTIONEERS  ….. HERE

AND MANY OTHERS…… BUYERS BEWARE

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BERT “BATTLE” ROSSI…. BRITAIN’S OLDEST LIVING FORMER LONDON GANGLAND BOSS. THE UK’S EQUIVALENT TO AMERICA’S MAFIA “BOSS OF BOSSES” AL CAPONE . HE WAS ALSO THE MENTOR AND TRUSTED FRIEND TO THE KRAY TWINS …

BRITAIN’S OLDEST FORMER GANGSTER  REVEALS ALL…. AGED 93

AS EXPECTED THIS STORY , FORTHCOMING BOOK AND INEVITABLE FORTHCOMING DOCUMENTARY AND POTENTIAL FILM WILL GO GLOBAL…..

BELOW DOUBLE PAGE ARTICLE AS FEATURED IN THE SUNDAY PEOPLE NEWSPAPER TODAY .

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BRITAIN’S REAL LIFE EQUIVALENT TO AMERICA’S GANGLAND BOSS  ” AL CAPONE”  WHO WAS ACTIVE DURING THE 1950’S  AND BEYOND.

KNOWN TO MANY AS THE “GENERAL OF CLERKENWELL” , LONDON ,  ALSO TRUSTED FRIEND  AND MENTOR TO THE KRAY TWINS …  “BERT “BATTLE” ROSSI ”

HE WAS CLOSE FAMILY FRIEND AND ASSOCIATE TO THE ITALIAN MAFIA ORGANISATION  … THE GAMBINO CRIME FAMILY , WHO ARE OF COURSE WELL KNOWN AND FEARED THROUGHOUT THE WORLD, EVEN TODAY….

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ABOVE : A RECENT MEET UP BETWEEN BERT ROSSI AND ANDY JONES OF THE CRIME THROUGH TIME COLLECTION , LITTLEDEAN JAIL , WHEREBY BERT PRESENTS ANDY WITH HIS OWN  PERSONAL  PAUL LAKE LIMITED EDITION PRINT SIGNED BY RON AND REG KRAY . THIS FOR DISPLAY AT THE JAIL WITH A FORTHCOMING BRIEF EXHIBITION ON HIMSELF …..  THIS TO COINCIDE WITH THE RELEASE OF HIS FORTHCOMING BOOK ….. WATCH THIS SPACE FOR FURTHER DETAILS …… BELOW IS THE SIGNED PRINT ON DISPLAY AT THE JAIL

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COMING SOON …. THE UNTOLD STORY OF BERT ROSSI ,WHO IS TODAY , AT THE GRAND OLD AGE OF 92 , THE UK’S  OLDEST LIVING GANGSTER

FOR ALL THOSE WHO ARE UNFAMILIAR WITH THE NAME …. MORE INTIMATE DETAILS OF HIS INCREDIBLE LIFE AND TIMES ARE TO BE PUBLISHED FOR THE FIRST TIME OVER THE NEXT FEW MONTHS …..

A BRIEF MEMO FROM BERT …..  FOR ALL THOSE INTERESTED IN THE LIFE AND TIMES OF BERT “BATTLE” ROSSI …. AND FOR THE RECORD …. BERT AT THE GRAND OLD AGE OF 92 HAS INFORMED ME THAT HE HAS NOW ENTERED THE DIGITAL SOCIAL NETWORK ERA AND IS HIMSELF NOW ACTIVLY INVOLVED AND IN CONTROL OF HIS OWN FACEBBOK PAGE  HE PERSONALLY READS ALL THE COMMENTS AND AGAIN PERSONALLY INFORMS HIS FAMILY AS TO WHAT TO REPLY  FOR AND ON HIS BEHALF … FOR HIS FACEBOOK PAGE  (SEE HERE) .

PLEASE DO NOTE HE IS NOT ACTIVELY ON THIS SITE 24/7 AS HE HAS MUCH MORE IMPORTANT COMMITMENTS ELSEWHERE ….. INCLUDING HIS SOON TO BE RELEASED BOOK ENTITLED “THE GENERAL OF CLERKENWELL”  , WHICH IS HOPEFULLY DUE TO BE RELEASED IN TIME FOR CHRISTMAS 2015, ALONG WITH  A DOCUMENTARY WITH TITLE ” BOMP” …. FOR WHICH VARIOUS TASTERS ARE NOW  AVAILABLE  BOTH ON OUR SITE HERE AND ON YOUTUBE . ALL AS HAS BEEN PERSONALLY AUTHORISED BY BERT HIMSELF.

INCONJUNCTION WITH THE FORTHCOMING BOOK LAUNCH AND DOCUMENTARY …. THE CRIME THROUGH TIME COLLECTION HERE AT LITTLEDEAN JAIL WILL BE STAGING A BRIEF ,BUT PERMANENT EXHIBITION ON THE LIFE AND TIMES OF BERT “BATTLE” ROSSI , IN AND AMONGST OTHER UK AND AMERICAN GANGLAND FIGURES …… WHICH WILL BE OPEN TO THE PUBLIC FOR THE 2016 TOURISM SEASON .

THERE HAS BEEN AND CONTINUES TO BE AN EVER INCREASING MEDIA INTEREST IN BERT’S STORY … PARTICULARLY AS HE IS THE OLDEST LIVING FORMER GANGLAND BOSS ….. MOST RECENTLY FEATURED IN THE ONLINE NATIONAL CRIME SYNDICATION MAGAZINE BLOG ( SEE HERE )

Reggie Kray-Boxer Buller Ward-Bert Rossi-Red Faced Tommy-Ronnie Kray WITH TYPE

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HERE BELOW IS A RECENT (AUGUST 2015 ) , VERY BRIEF INSIGHT VIDEO INTERVIEW WITH THE NOW 92 YEAR OLD FORMER LONDON MAFIA BOSS AND MENTOR TO THE KRAY TWINS

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HERE BELOW ARE A FEW VINTAGE IMAGES OF BERT ROSSI WITH VARIOUS FACES FROM THE PAST

BERT ROSSI AGED 92

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BERT ROSSI

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BERT ROSSI

On a recent visit to the Bookies

On a recent visit to the Bookies

Alex Steene-Jersesey Joe Walcott

Alex Steene-Jersey Joe Walcott

Bert and Big Albert Dimes bw

Bert and Big Albert Dimes

Bert Rosi Billy Hill Ruby Sparks and Frank Fraser

Bert Rossi ,billy Hill , Ruby Sparks and Frank Fraser

Bert_with_pic only in new background

Bert with picture

Bert-Albert and Lord and Lady Docker

Bert , Albert and Lord and lady Docker

Bert-Billy Hill and Lady Docker

Bert , Billy Hill and Lady Docker

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Krays boxing -pose -1953

Willie Pep

Willie Pep

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Bert “Battle ” Rossi aged 92 , July 2015

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Andy Jones of the Crime Through Time Collection with Bert “Battle” Rossi at a recent get together